I guess the first thing is that, until about 1831, what is now Carleton Co., New Brunswick was part of York Co. Woodstock (town and parish) is now in Carleton Co. That means that you have to consider both counties depending on the timing.
I took a quick look at one version of the 1851 census of NB and found no Chase family in Carleton Co. I will try something different in a moment especially as the Woodstock, “Carleton Sentinel”, dated 2OCT1852 (in Dan Johnson’s database at the PANB web site) had a notice:
“m. Sunday 26th ult., by same, Asa CHASE / Miss Mary Ann SANBURN both of Woodstock (Carleton Co.)”
Theoretically this would mean that Asa was in Woodstock Parish in 1851, but searching just for his forename in another web site for the 1851 census produced no reasonable results. As far as I know all of the county’s census for 1851 is available. I cannot, however, find Mary Ann either. There are several reasons why this might be, but I can think of none that might apply here.
In 1861, in Northampton Parish, Carleton Co., NB, Asa Chase (28) and Mary Ann (28) had Laura Adelia (8), Alice (6), ‘Austen’ William (4) and Charles (2). A image of the relevant page is at:http://data2.collectionscanada.gc.ca/1861/jpg/4108533_00151....
This may be a clue in that Northampton Parish borders York Co., especially Southampton Parish (in York) Co., and Southampton Parish is missing from the 1851 census.
If I look at the Provincial Archives of New Brunswick index to petitions for land, a Reuben Chase petitioned in Queens Co., NB in 1786 and 1789 while (likely a different) Reuben Chase petitioned with many others in Sackville Parish, Westmorland Co., NB in 1808. A similar index for land grants indicates that Reuben Chase (the first one) was grant half of a 200-acre lot (Lot 42 on the westerly side of the River Saint John, just against the upriver end of Musquash Island) in ‘Gage Township” (Gagetown), Sunbury Co., NB 14JUN1784. He shared this with Jesse Scudder. This indicates that Reuben was a Loyalist and probably unmarried in 1784. Possibly the same Reuben was granted 203-acres on 30APR1811 in Woodstock in what was then York Co., NB. To me this hints that the Reuben you seek may have been the son of this elder Reuben. More certainly, Reuben Chase was granted 495-acres (indicative of a married man with, by now, a largish family) in Northampton Parish, ‘York’ Co., NB 7JUN1813. Asa was later (25NOV1859) granted 100-acres in the same parish. The 495-acre lot appears to be part of Lot 28 and all of lot 29 in a somewhat isolated area of Northampton Parish. Lot 28 parallels and is divided by the York Co. (Southampton Parish) and Carleton Co. (Northampton Parish) boundary so my suspicions about them being listed in Southampton Parish in 1851 may be correct. Asa is actually listed in Southampton Parish in 1881. See:http://sites.rootsweb.com/~nbyork/census/81-Southampton/Sout...
The New Brunswick Genealogical Society has (or had) a publication, “First Families”, that included an entry:
CHASE: Reuben Chase born 24 Nov 1738, married - who died 7 Aug 1825: came from Danbury, CT to NB in 1783 as Loyalists and settled at Gagetown, Queens
1) Gedaliah Chase b. 28 Nov 1761:
2) Elizabeth Chase b. 1762, m. George Miller:
3) Eben Chase:
4) Thankful Chase m. 13 Jul 1785 Tertullus Dickinson:
5) Isaac Chase:
6) Reuben Chase:
7) Charlotte Chase married Jeremiah Johnson:
8) Reliance Chase m. Mr. Flint.
Source: MC1/Chase: file contains a copy of Descendants of William Chase by John Carrol Chase, 1934: page 328.
This is a sketch only needing verification but it supports the idea that a Loyalist came to NB in 1783, had a son, also Reuben and, apparently, later went to what is now Carleton Co. (By the way, Tertullus Dickinson I believe is the younger of that name. He also had a lot near Reuben Chase in Northampton Parish.)
George H. Hayward indexed the 1st volume (1812-1837) of the York County Marriage register. There are several reprintings of this and in the 2002 version were entry:
“222 Brown, Elias Wood 12 May 1823 Betsy Chase Wood 02 Caleb Wright/Rubin Chase”
That is, Elias Brown m. Betsy Chase in what was then York Co., NB 12MAY1823. This was on page 222 of the register and witnesses were Caleb Wright and ‘Rubin’ Chase. Both celebrants were from ‘Wood’ (Woodstock) Parish. On the next page was:
“223 Brown, Mary Wood 30 Jul 1823 Ruben Chase Wood 02 Elias Brown/W[-----] Dibblee”
Since Elias returned the favour, it seems that he and Reuben were brothers-in-law by both marriages. Possibly other marriages of significance (where ‘Nort’ would likely be Northampton Parish) would be:
“204 Wilson, John Nort 16 Jul 1822 Rosannah Chase Wood 02 M J Dibblee/Lewis Dibblee”
“181 Wright, Caleb Nort 29 Jan 1822 Sarah Chase Wood 02 James Ketchum/Amos Brooks”
There is a web site on Reuben Chase, the Loyalist, at:http://www.heritageregistry.net/html.pages/grpf100583.html
Note that a son, Reuben, is not in this compilation. See also the postings at:https://www.ancestry.ca/boards/thread.aspx?mv=flat&m=62&...
are abstracts of baptisms recorded in St. John’s Anglican Church, in Gagetown. These include:
Chase Isaac 13 Jul 1788 Gagetown Chase Ruben and ---- By Rev. Richard Clarke
Chase Reuben 20 Feb 1820 Waterborough Age 81
Chase Reubin (Mrs.) 9 Aug 1825 Gagetown Age 80
Dickinson Tertullus 13 Jul 1788 Gagetown Chase Thankful By Rev. Richard Clarke
In the 1850 census of Aroostook Co., Maine, in what was then Belfast Academy Grant, at:http://files.usgwarchives.net/me/aroostook/census/1850/pg007...
Chase John 40 M Farmer Province of N.B.
Chase Hannah 35 F Province of N.B.
Chase Ezra 17 M Farmer Belfast A. Gt., Me.
Chase Reuben G 15 M Belfast A. Gt., Me.
Chase Hezekiah 14 M Belfast A. Gt., Me.
Chase Wade 11 M Belfast A. Gt., Me.
Chase Lucinda 9 F Belfast A. Gt., Me.
Chase Marcellus 7 M Belfast A. Gt., Me.
Chase Alonzo 5 M Belfast A. Gt., Me.
Chase Reuben 89 M Shoemaker Upper Salem, N.Y.
The information in these census returns may not be accurate. For example, on the same page was Moses Austin age 62-years. However, I believe that he was at least ten-years older, that he was born in Massachusetts, and that his wife was Eleanor Robertson (my great-great-etc.-aunt).
In the settlement of NB by the Loyalists, the lower areas (where accessible by rivers) were settled first. As these were taken up, the upper reaches of the River Saint John (i.e., Carleton Co.) were settled by the next generation or by those who found the lands they had been granted were unviable. When Maine needed money for schools they sold the ‘Academy grants’ in Aroostook Co. to raise the money and one finds 2nd and 3rd generations Loyalists in the 1830s (for example) coming from NB to purchase this land.
When Asa Dow Chase died in the Provincial Hospital, Lancaster Parish, Saint John Co, NB he was likely there as he was terminally ill and in need of palliative care. I note that he is also indicated as having fought in the American Civil War and a number of New Brunswickers fought with Maine regiments.
You may have most of this already but they may be a few clues of use to you.