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Who were the 6 Hostage / Prisoner's taken by Patriots from Johnstown NY Jan 1776 . I think I know.

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Who were the 6 Hostage / Prisoner's taken by Patriots from Johnstown NY Jan 1776 . I think I know.

Posted: 1495843927000
Classification: Query
Hi . My name is J. Young from Cornwall Ontario , and I am an amateur genealogist , who has researched my family tree for over 50 years and extensively for the past decade .
Today , I want to share a bit of my research on some of the individuals , who were all of the McDonell Clan who arrived from Scotland to New York Province on the Pearl 1773.
I have found that such noted authors as William L. Stone Jr. and W.L. Scott , as well as such online sources as the Dictionary of Canadian Biography aka DCB and WikiTree Profiles , are flawed in their info regarding the 6 individuals that I will be discussing here , being the 6 McDonell gentlemen taken as Hostage / Prisoners by the American Patriots from Sir John Johnson's in January 1776 .
My list of these 6 Hostage / Prisoners Jan. 1776 , is as follows :

Captain Archibald McDonell of Leek [ son of old John McDonell of Leek , who was in his seventies in 1776 , and too old to be a hostage / prisoner so two of his sons being this Archibald McDonell of Leek and Ranald McDonell of Leek went instead of this old John McDonell of Leek ] [this old John McDonell of Leek was elder brother of both Allen McDonell of Collachie and Alexander McDonell of Aberchalder , all 3 of whom given credit for organizing the Pearl 1773 ] .

Captain Alexander McDonell of Aberchalder [ who was one of Six Hostage / Prisoners along with his eldest son John McDonell of Aberchalder ] [ this Alexander and John McDonell of Aberchalder escaped from the Patriots and made it to Montreal in Spring 1777 , having brought the old John McDonell of Leek with them].
In his Orderly Book dated June 18 1777 Sir John Johnson promotes Alexander McDonell of Aberchalder to Captain in KRRNY , and June 19 1777 promotes his son John McDonell of Aberchalder to Captain - Lieutenant ; both these men retained this rank throughout the Rev War and resettled together to Lot 25 Front Charlottenburg Glengarry [ this John's younger brother Hugh McDonell of Aberchalder settled with them Lot 25 Front , but this Hugh was NOT one of Six Hostage / Prisoners as claimed by W. L. Scott and then parroted by both the DCB and Wikitree Profile for this Hugh ] .

Captain - Lieutenant John McDonell [ eldest son of Captain Alexander McDonell of Aberchalder ] this John promoted to Captain - Lieutenant on June 19 1777 . In his book written circa 1882 , William . L. Stone Jr. uses the Orderly Book of Sir John Johnson as his guiding format , and following this June 19 1777 entry of the promotion of John McDonell to Captain - Lieutenant , this William L. Stone Jr. adds his own insights claiming this young Captain - Lieutenant John McDonell was killed in hand to hand combat with a Mr Gardiner on August 6 1777 at Battle of Oriskany during Siege of Fort Stanwix NY . WRONG . This Captain - Lieutenant John McDonell of Aberchalder survived the Rev War , and had an extended military and political career in Upper Canada .

Allen McDonell of Collachie [ brother of old John McDonell of Leek and Captain Alexander McDonell of Aberchalder ] , this Allen McDonell of Collachie was designated Sr. on various lists of the Six Hostage / Prisoners though NO son of his was taken in this group . In his Claim for Losses this Allen McDonell of Collachie Sr says he was one of six Scots gentlemen taken Hostage / Prisoner Jan 1776 along with his brother [ Alexander McDonell of Aberchalder ] and 4 nephews [ no son mentioned] .

Allen McDonell of Lundy !? In his Petition dated Cornwall July 6 1807 , this Allen McDonell [ designation as Lundy appears to have been scribbled in after the fact ] , says he was one of the Six Hostage / Prisoners taken Jan. 1776 and held 3 years before his escape . His Petition is supported by a letter from Sir John Johnson . This would be the Allen McDonell Jr.

Ensign Ranald McDonell of Leek [ brother of Captain Archibald McDonell of Leek ] . In his Claim for Losses dated Montreal 16 1787 , this Ensign Ranald McDonell of Leek , says he was one of Six Hostage / Prisoners taken Jan 1776 , and that 4 of the other 5 taken with him , had received Commissions being , 2 Captains , 1 Captain - Lieutenant , 1 Lieutenant . The 2 Captains would be this Ranald's brother Captain Archibald McDonell of Leek and uncle Captain Alexander McDonell of Aberchalder who's son was the Captain - Lieutenant John McDonell of Aberchalder , and most likely the Allen McDonell of Collachie [ Sr.] as the Lieutenant .

It has been extremely frustrating to have continually found these noted sources to be in error , not really sources at all ; and their flawed work parroted over and over again by others , who refuse to change their mind when the facts change .

We all , can and do make errors , but correcting these errors should be a priority .
Cheers J.

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