Canadian Census Records

1901 Canadian Census Records

This database is an every name index to individuals enumerated in the 1901 Canada Census, the fourth Canadian census of since confederation in 1867.

About the 1901 Canadian Census Records

What Areas are Included:

The 1901 Canadian Census includes seven provinces - British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, and Quebec; two territories - the Yukon Territory and the Northwest Territories*; and one district - the District of Keewatin.

Why Census Records are Important:

The Canadian Census provides many details about individuals and families. They are useful for pinpointing individuals and families in a particular time and place and depict certain aspects of their lives. Because of the amount of information provided, combined with the fact that individuals are generally shown in "family groups", censuses are often the first sources turned to when beginning family history research.

Enumerator Instructions:

The 1901 Census was begun on 31 March 1901. Enumeration was to be completed within 30 days. Canadian individuals were to be enumerated at their usual place of abode, even if they were not at that residence on the night of enumeration. The head of household was to be enumerated first, followed by other members of the household. The head of household was responsible for providing all of the information about the household to the enumerator.

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1901 British Columbia Census Records
population 167729 according to 1901 Canadian records

1901 British Columbia Census Records

1901 Manitoba Census Records
population 253790 according to 1901 Canadian records

1901 Manitoba Census Records

1901 New Brunswick Census Records
population 331511 according to 1901 Canadian records

1901 New Brunswick Census Records

1901 Nova Scotia Census Records
population 459233 according to 1901 Canadian records

1901 Nova Scotia Census Records

1901 Ontario Census Records
population 2184212 according to 1901 Canadian records

1901 Ontario Census Records

1901 Prince Edward Island Census Records
population 104367 according to 1901 Canadian records

1901 Prince Edward Island Census Records

1901 Quebec Census Records
population 1644836 according to 1901 Canadian records

1901 Quebec Census Records

1901 The Territories Census Records
population 197877 according to 1901 Canadian records

1901 The Territories Census Records
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1901 Canadian Census Collections


More Resources from Ancestry.ca

The Canadian census is a key starting point for Canadians interested in discovering their family story. It provides vital details such as names of spouses, immigration years, occupations and so much more.

The Canadian Census Collection represents the first time ever that the 1851/2, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1906, 1911 and 1916 censuses will be fully searchable online and fully indexed in one place. Now people across Canada and around the world can research their Canadian roots faster and easier than ever before.

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