Chinese: Mandarin and Cantonese form of the surname 車 meaning ‘carriage’ or ‘cart’ in Chinese: (i) said to be borne by descendants of Che Ou (車區) an astrologist during the reign of the legendary Huang Di the ‘Yellow Emperor’ (c. 27th century BC). (ii) shortened form of the surname Zi Che (子車) a surname of noblemen in the state of Qin. (iii) from Che Cheng Xiang (車丞相) literally ‘Carriage Prime Minister’ the title of Tian Qianqiu a prime minister during the Western Han dynasty (206 BC–25 AD). He earned the title because when he was old and decrepit Emperor Zhao of Han (94–74 BC) took pity on him and allowed him to move into and out of the palace by carriage instead of on foot. (iv) adopted as a surname by the Che Kun (車裩) and Che Fei (車非) families from the Xianbei ethnic group in northern China during the Northern Wei dynasty (386–534 AD). Chinese: variant Romanization of the surname 謝 see Xie Chinese: variant Romanization of the surname 齊 see Qi Vietnamese (Chế): written 制 in Chinese of unexplained etymology. It is found among the Cham people in southern Vietnam. Korean: variant of Chae . Amerindian (Guatemala Mexico and Belize; also Ché): Mayan name from che' ‘tree wood’.7: Catalan (Valencia): nickname from xe ‘typical person from Valencia’ (from the interjection xe!).
Source: Dictionary of American Family Names 2nd edition, 2022