History of your Surname
Get access to Marquis family records.Start a 14-Day Free Trial

Marquis Family History

Marquis Surname Meaning

French: from the title marquis ‘marquess’ applied as an ironic nickname to someone who behaved like a marquis or as a metonymic occupational name for a servant in the household of a marquis. The title derived from an ancient Germanic word meaning ‘boundary’ (compare March ) originally referred to the governor of a border territory. Marquises did not form part of the original French feudal structure of nobility; the title was first adopted by the Counts of Toulouse because of their possessions in the border region beyond the Rhône. Compare Markee and Markey . English: nickname from Middle English markis ‘marquis marquess nobleman’ (Old French marchis); see also 1 above. The word is also found as a female personal name which may also be origin of the surname. Portuguese: cognate of Marques 1 and of the name in 1 above.

Source: Dictionary of American Family Names 2nd edition, 2022

Similar surnames: Marques, Martis, Maris, Mares, Jarvis, Marcus, Magnus, Markus, Marois

Search for a relative to learn more about your family history.

Hint: Try searching for a relative alive in 1940.

Black & white image of a young woman scientist

Where is the Marquis family from?

You can see how Marquis families moved over time by selecting different census years. The Marquis family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. The most Marquis families were found in USA in 1880. In 1911 there were 908 Marquis families living in Quebec. This was about 77% of all the recorded Marquis's in Canada. Quebec had the highest population of Marquis families in 1911.
Use census records and voter lists to see where families with the Marquis surname lived. Within census records, you can often find information like name of household members, ages, birthplaces, residences, and occupations.

What did your Marquis ancestors do for a living?

In 1921, Cultivateur and Rentire were the top reported jobs for men and women in the Canada named Marquis. 29% of Marquis men worked as a Cultivateur and 20% of Marquis women worked as a Rentire. Some less common occupations for Americans named Marquis were Cult and Traducteur. .

View Census Data for Marquis | Data not to scale

*We display top occupations by gender to maintain their historical accuracy during times when men and women often performed different jobs.

Top Male Occupations In 1921

  • Cultivateur
  • Journalier
  • Farmer
  • Cult

Top Female Occupations In 1921

  • Rentire
  • Commis
  • Cultivateur
  • Traducteur
Black & white image of two construction labourers

What Marquis family records will you find?

Census Records

There are 58,000 census records available for the last name Marquis. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Marquis census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

Search Canadian census records for Marquis

Passenger Lists

There are 6,000 immigration records available for the last name Marquis. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in Canada, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure.

View all Marquis immigration records

Draft Cards

There are 9,000 military records available for the last name Marquis. For the veterans among your Marquis ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.

View all Marquis military records

You've only scratched the surface of Marquis family history

Discover More

What is the average Marquis lifespan?

Between 1942 and 2004, in the United States, Marquis life expectancy was at its lowest point in 1942, and highest in 2000. The average life expectancy for Marquis in 1942 was 41, and 76 in 2004.

View Social Security Death Index (SSDI) for Marquis

Discover the unique achievements of ancestors in the Marquis family tree

Explore Your Tree

Browse profiles of historical people with the Marquis last name

Search for another surname
Enter last name/surname
Start a 14-Day Free Trial