Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers Who Served in the Florida Infantry During the War with Spain. Microfilm publication M1087, 13 rolls. Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780's–1917, Record Group 94. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.
This collection contains compiled service records for volunteer soldiers who served in the 1st Florida Infantry during the Spanish American War.
As the Spanish-American War started, the U.S. Army found itself shorthanded. To bolster America’s forces, Congress passed the Mobilization Act on 22 April 1898 to raise an army of 125,000 volunteers. These would include the men from Florida whose service is documented in these records. NARA offers this background:
”The following day, Adj. Gen. Henry C. Corbin notified the Governor of Florida that one regiment of infantry would be required from the State. As a result, the 1st Florida Infantry, consisting of 12 companies, was organized from the 20 companies of the Florida Guard on May 23, 1898.
”During the war, the regiment's three battalions were stationed at three camps: Tampa and Fernandina, Fla., and Huntsville, Ala. Conditions of the camps and disappointment at seeing no action during the war led to discontent. When the armistice ending the war with Spain was signed on August 12, 1898, the Volunteers petitioned en masse for separation.”
Compiled Service Records
These compiled service records consist of cards recording information about a soldier extracted from muster rolls, payrolls, enlistment records, examinations prior to discharge, and other records. A new card was created each time a soldier’s name appeared on a new document. The cards are arranged in packets, with each packet pertaining to a specific soldier. Packets may also contain copies of some original documents. Because a standard search may lead you to a card in the middle of a packet, be sure to check previous and following images to find all the cards relating to your soldier.
What You May Find in These Records
Packets will differ in the number and types of details and records they include, but you may find the following:
- birth year
- age at enlistment
- date and place of enlistment
- hospital records
- physical description
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