Source Information

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Łódź, Poland, Vital Records of Jews in the Łódź Ghetto, 1939-1944 (USHMM) [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2013.

This collection was indexed by World Memory Project contributors from the digitized holdings of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, RG-15.083M: Przełożony Starszeństwa Żydow w Getcie Łódzkim. For more information about this collection, click on the collection title above to access the USHMM’s catalog record, or email [email protected]

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Original data:

Przełożony Starszeństwa Żydow w Getcie Łódzkim [German: Der Aelteste der Juden vom Litzmannstadt-Getto; English: The Eldest of the Jews in the Łódź Ghetto, 1939–1944]. Series RG-15.083M. Record Group 15: Poland. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington D.C.

About Łódź, Poland, Vital Records of Jews in the Łódź Ghetto, 1939-1944 (USHMM)

This database contains information extracted from birth, marriage, divorce, and death records of Jews living in the Lódz´ ghetto. The original records are held by the Polish State Archives in Lódz.

Historical Background

The city of Lódz´ is located about 75 miles southwest of Warsaw, Poland. The Jews of Lódz´ formed the second largest Jewish community in prewar Poland, after Warsaw. In 1940, German troops occupying Lódz´ established a ghetto in the city's northeastern section, which was isolated from the rest of Lódz´ with barbed-wire fencing.

Living conditions in the ghetto were harsh. Most of the quarter had neither running water nor a sewer system. Hard labor, overcrowding, and starvation were the dominant features of life. The overwhelming majority of ghetto residents worked in German factories, receiving only meager food rations from their employers. More than 20 percent of the ghetto's population died as a direct result of the harsh living conditions.

In 1942, German authorities began deporting Jews from Lódz´ to the Chelmno killing center. In 1944, the surviving ghetto residents were deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau.

Depending on the record type, index entries in this database may include the following details:

  • name
  • birth date
  • birthplace
  • father’s name
  • mother’s name
  • spouse’s name
  • spouse’s father’s name
  • spouse’s mother’s name
  • marriage date
  • age at marriage
  • residence
  • occupation
  • spouse occupation
  • spouse address
  • spouse birth date
  • spouse birthplace
  • marriage banns date and place
  • divorce date
  • death date

More information about the Lódz´ ghetto is available in the online Holocaust Encyclopedia. Click here to watch video footage from the ghetto.

Ordering Original Records

Additional details about these victims may be included in the original records. While the index is freely accessible from, the images of these records are not available in this database. Copies of the images can be ordered at no cost from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Click here for ordering information.

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