Ancestry.com. A dictionary of all officers who have been commissioned, in the Army of the United States [database on-line]. Provo, UT: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2004.Original data: Gardner, Charles K.. A dictionary of all officers who have been commissioned, or have been appointed and served, in the Army of the United States, since the inauguration of their first president in 1789, to the first January, 1853 : with every commission of each, including the distinguished officers of the volunteers and militia of the states, who have served in any campaign or conflict with an enemy since that date, and of the Navy and Marine Corps, who have served with the land forces : indicating the battle in which every such officer has been killed or wounded, and the special words of every brevet commission. New York: G.P. Putnam and Co., 1853.