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Zhang Family History

Zhang Surname Meaning

Chinese:: Mandarin form of the surname 張 meaning ‘to draw a bow’ in ancient Chinese: (i) for some families it is traced back to Xie Zhang (解張) whose style name was Zhang Hou (張侯) (‘Marquis Zhang’) a noble in the state of Jin (located in present-day Shanxi province) during the Spring and Autumn period (770–476 BC). (ii) this surname is also borne by descendants of Hui a grandson of the legendary Huang Di the ‘Yellow Emperor’ (c. 27th century BC). Hui was given the title Gong Zheng denoting an official in charge of making bows. (張 Zhang means ‘to draw a bow’ in ancient Chinese). (iii) from the name of Zhang Liao (張遼) an official in the state of Wei in northern China during the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). (iv) the surname is also traced back to Long Youna chief of one of the minority ethnic groups (located mainly in present-day Sichuan Guizhou and Yunnan provinces) during the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD) who was given the Chinese surname Zhang (張) by Zhuge Liang the prime minister of the state of Shu. Mandarin form of the surname 章 meaning ‘stamp seal’ in Chinese: from Zhang (鄣) the name of an ancient fiefdom (located in present-day Shandong province) which was annexed by the state of Qi in 664 BC. When the name of the fiefdom was adopted as a surname the written form of the Chinese character 鄣 was simplified to 章. Mandarin form of the surname 仉 an interchangeable Chinese character with another Chinese character Zhang (掌 meaning ‘palm to hold’ in Chinese) in ancient China: (i) said to be traced back to the Dang (黨 pronounced the same as Zhang (掌) in ancient times) family in the state of Lu during the Spring and Autumn period (770–476 BC). (ii) said to be borne by the descendants of Zhang Qi (仉晵) one of the four famous lords in the Liang period (502 – 557 AD) during the Southern and Northern Dynasties (420–589 AD). (iii) a surname from the Hui ethnic group said to be borne by the descendants of Zhang Jisha (仉機沙) a famous Muslim poet during the Yuan dynasty (1206 – 1368 AD) whose ancestry could be traced back to the Arab Empire.

Source: Dictionary of American Family Names 2nd edition, 2022

Similar surnames: Chang, Zhong, Zheng, Jiang, Hang, Wang, Tang, Zang, Cheng, Hong

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Where is the Zhang family from?

You can see how Zhang families moved over time by selecting different census years. The Zhang family name was found in the USA in 1920. In 1920 there was 1 Zhang family living in Connecticut. This was about 25% of all the recorded Zhang's in USA. Connecticut and 3 other states had the highest population of Zhang families in 1920.
Use census records and voter lists to see where families with the Zhang surname lived. Within census records, you can often find information like name of household members, ages, birthplaces, residences, and occupations.

What did your Zhang ancestors do for a living?

Census records can tell you a lot of little known facts about your Zhang ancestors, such as occupation. Occupation can tell you about your ancestor's social and economic status.

What Zhang family records will you find?

Census Records

There are 35 census records available for the last name Zhang. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Zhang census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

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Passenger Lists

There are 260 immigration records available for the last name Zhang. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in Canada, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure.

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Draft Cards

There are 9 military records available for the last name Zhang. For the veterans among your Zhang ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.

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What is the average Zhang lifespan?

Between 1983 and 2004, in the United States, Zhang life expectancy was at its lowest point in 1994, and highest in 1985. The average life expectancy for Zhang in 1983 was 79, and 66 in 2004.

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